The historic town of Baclayon lies six kilometers along the seashore from Tagbilaran city. It is the first town established in Bohol by the Spaniards. The town was founded in 1595 by two Jesuit priests, Father Juan de Torres and Father Gabriel Sanchez, the first to enter Bohol for missionary work. In 1596 the priests built the Baclayon Church of the Immaculate Conception, a heavy-set stone church considered one of the oldest churches in the Philippines.
The church, in combination with the pier and harbor it overlooks, and the elegant and well-preserved heritage houses lining the roads, makes the township a charming and idyllic destination.
The town of Baclayon got its name from the word ‘bacay’, meaning detour, as early travelers used to detour around the rocky cliff along the shore to avoid falling from it. ‘Bacayon’ was the town’s original name, from which the official name of Baclayon was derived.
The original territorial jurisdiction of Baclayon was so vast that it covered the present areas of the municipalities of Balilihan, Alburquerque, Catigbian, Corella, Sikatuna and San Isidro combined together.