Bangkok (Krung Thep) is the capital of Thailand and with a population of over 11 million, by far its largest city. Its high-rise buildings, heavy traffic, intense heat and naughty nightlife do not immediately give you a warm welcome - but don't let your first impression mislead you.
Most of Bangkok's sights and attractions - and there are many! - are concentrated on the island of Rattanakosin, often referred to as the "Old City".
Bangkok is one of Asia's most cosmopolitan cities with magnificent temples and palaces, authentic canals, busy markets and a vibrant nightlife that has something for everyone. For years, it was only a small trading post at the banks of the Chao Phraya river, until King Rama I, the first monarch of the present Chakri dynasty, turned it into the capital of Siam in 1782, after the burning of Ayutthaya by Burmese invaders.
Since then, Bangkok has turned into a national treasure house and functions as Thailand's spiritual, cultural, political, commercial, educational and diplomatic center.
Just under 14 degrees north of the Equator, Bangkok is a tropical metropolis that is also one of the most traveller-friendly cities in Asia. A furious assault on the senses, visitors are immediately confronted by the heat, the pollution and the irrepressible smile that accompanies many Thais.
Despite the sensationalized international news reports and first impressions, the city is surprisingly safe (except from some petty crimes) and more organized than it initially appears, and full of hidden gems waiting to be discovered.
The high relative humidity and warm temperature favour the growth of tropical plants - you'll find exotic orchids and delicious fruit everywhere. Bougainvillea and frangipani bloom practically all over the city. Thai cuisine is justifiably famous, varied, and affordable.
Bangkok for many represents the quintessential Asian capital. Saffron-robed monks, garish neon signs, graceful Thai architecture, spicy dishes, colourful markets, traffic jams, and the tropical climate come together in a happy coincidence. It is difficult to leave with lukewarm impressions of the city.
Bangkok is a huge and modern city humming with culture, commerce and nightlife. Administratively, it is split up into 50 khet (districts), which are further split into 154 khwaeng (subdistricts); these are often used in official business and for addresses. Visitors will find the conceptual division below of the main areas more useful for getting around.
Around Bangkok are the provinces of Nakhon Pathom to the west, Nonthaburi to the northwest, Pathum Thani to the north, Chachoengsao to the east, Samut Prakan to the southeast and Samut Sakhon to the southwest.