Barcelona is the second largest city in Spain after Madrid, and the capital of Catalonia. About five million people live in the Barcelona metropolitan area.
It is the sixth-most populous urban area in the European Union after Paris, London, Madrid and Milan. It is also Europe's largest metropolis on the Mediterranean Sea.
Barcelona is today one of the world's leading tourist, economic, trade fair/exhibitions and cultural-sports centres, and its influence in commerce, education, entertainment, media, fashion, science, and the arts all contribute to its status as one of the world's major global cities.